Basic Life Support (BLS) includes the provision of basic medically necessary supplies and services with Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs). BLS requires knowledge and skills in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), using automated external defibrillators (AED), providing oxygen therapy, and relieving airway obstructions in patients of all ages.
BLS ambulance transports provide necessary pre-hospital, post-hospital, and non-emergency medical care transportation for critical, non-critical, and emergent patients not requiring cardiac monitoring. EMTs have the essential knowledge and skills needed to stabilize and safely transport patients ranging from non-emergency and routine medical transports to life-threatening emergencies. EMTs’ function as part of a comprehensive EMS response system, while under medical oversight. EMTs perform interventions with the necessary equipment typically found on an ambulance. EMTs are an essential link between the scene of an emergency as well as the health care system.
Everyday BLS transport situations include:
- Medical and surgical patients not requiring advance interventions or cardiac monitoring
- Discharge to home or sub-acute care facilities (nursing homes, rehabilitation, assisted living facilities)
- Psychiatric patients not requiring chemical restraints
Most BLS Transports in the world, are capable of handling essential life support interventions. These interventions include but are not limited to; Manual resuscitation via bag valve mask, oxygen therapy via nasal cannula, mask, non-rebreather, nebulizer, standard suctioning, pulse oximetry, splinting, bandaging, spinal immobilization, and automated external defibrillation. BLS Transports do not include advance interventions such as advanced airway, mechanical ventilation, intravenous therapy, and cardiac monitoring. EMTs’ capabilities on BLS transports may vary depending on the local laws established by each country and their state department of health laws where the transfer takes place.